Shah Marai/AFP/Getty Images

Cesta k soběstačnosti Afghánistánu

KÁBUL – Bruselská konference o Afghánistánu tento týden znamená důležitou příležitost k vytvoření plánu pro budoucnost země. Zatímco současná cesta Afghánistánu k určitému pokroku vedla, k přímé cestě za prosperitou má ještě daleko – v neposlední řadě kvůli velkým nedostatkům v doručování pomoci a vnitřnímu vládnutí.  

Od doby, kdy byl v roce 2014 zvolen prezident Ashraf Ghani, prudce klesl příliv pomoci do Afghánistánu. A obdržená pomoc nebyla distribuována způsobem, který vyloženě podporuje konstrukci státu, protože mezinárodní dárci z velké části obcházeli afghánskou vládu, aby mohli financovat samostatné projekty. Mezi lety 2002 a 2010 bylo 82% z 56 miliard dolarů určených na pomoc v Afghánistánu utraceno prostřednictvím nestátních institucí.

Existují určitá opodstatnění tohoto přístupu. Dárci věřily, že afghánský stát je příliš slabý a korumpovaný na to, aby jejich peníze efektivně využil. A měli celkem pravdu: klientelismus a korupce v Afghánistánu nadále bují.

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