Shah Marai/AFP/Getty Images

阿富汗的自我恢复力之路

喀布尔—本周的布鲁塞尔阿富汗会议是一次奠定阿富汗未来路线图的重要机会。当前道路固然取得了一些进步,但远非通往繁荣的捷径,因为它存在提供援助和国内治理的深层次缺陷。

自2014年加尼当选阿富汗总统以来,对阿援助大幅下降。而到位的援助也没有用于真正促进国家建设的用途,国际捐助人大多绕过阿富汗政府支持零散的独立项目。从2002年到2010年,有560亿美元落实的援助是通过非国家机构支出的。

采取这样的方针无可厚非。捐助人认为阿富汗国家太弱太腐败,不能有效利用捐赠的资金。不能说他们完全错误:恩庇和挪用在阿富汗是普遍现象。

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