Adem Altan/Stringer

Почему Евросоюзу надо быть щедрее к Великобритании

МЮНХЕН – Британский премьер-министр Тереза Мэй официально подтвердила: Великобритания, вне всякого сомнения, выйдет из Евросоюза и будет вести с ним переговоры о новом торговом соглашении. Вопрос теперь в том, какого рода соглашение будет приемлемо для ЕС.

Мэй дала ясно понять, что Британия не хочет такого же соглашения, как у Швейцарии и Норвегии, потому что это будут означать уступку части контроля над иммиграционной политикой страны. Точно также не рассматривается вариант подчинения юрисдикции Европейского суда (ECJ), который британское руководство обвиняет в принятии решений в корыстных интересах.

Однако Евросоюз не готов просто так позволить Британии отвергнуть всё, что ей нравится (по крайней мере, не заплатив за это высокую цену). Лидеры ЕС настаивают на том, что Британия не сможет получить режим свободной торговли со странами общего рынка, не разрешив свободного передвижения людей. Такое упрямство отчасти вызвано страхами: если Британия получит выгодное ей соглашение, другие страны ЕС могут попытаться сделать то же самое. Впрочем, желание наказать британцев с единственной целью остановить бегство других членов ЕС, несомненно, будет лишь способствовать этому бегству.

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