tractor Yuri Smityuk/TASS/Getty Images

El ascenso de las megaalimentarias

BERLÍN – Hace tiempo que el sector agroindustrial es blanco de críticas por sus prácticas que contribuyen al cambio climático, la destrucción del medioambiente y la pobreza rural. Y sin embargo, no ha hecho casi nada para mejorar la calidad y la sostenibilidad o promover la justicia social.

No es sorprendente. En todo el mundo hay más de 570 millones de agricultores y siete mil millones de consumidores, pero la cadena de valor mundial de la agroindustria, desde el campo hasta el mostrador de la tienda, está bajo control de un puñado de empresas, que con sus grandes ganancias e inmenso poder político, no tienen interés en que cambie el statu quo.

Además, la concentración del mercado en el sector agrícola es cada vez mayor, debido a un aumento de la demanda de materias primas agrícolas para la producción de alimentos, forrajes y energía. El crecimiento de las clases medias en los países en desarrollo modificó hábitos de consumo y nutrición, lo que estimuló la demanda global de alimentos procesados y desató una lucha por el poder de mercado entre las corporaciones multinacionales agrícolas, químicas y alimentarias.

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