Slabikář pro boj s pandemiemi

Rok co rok se světu tu a tam připomene, že hrozba pandemie je všudypřítomná. V roce 2003 to byl SARS. Dnes je to potenciální ptačí virus podobný tomu, jenž po roce 1914 usmrtil 30 milionů lidí.

„Ptačí chřipka“ už prokázala, že dokáže přeskočit z drůbeže na člověka a nověji i na kočky, což naznačuje, že by se mohlo jednat o dalšího globálního zabijáka. Existuje ovšem bezpočet jiných potenciálních pandemií a mnohé ani nejsou viry. Bakterie, priony, paraziti, ba dokonce environmentální faktory by se mohli náhle proměnit způsobem, který by pro nás byl zhoubný. Všeobecně se odhaduje, že až k tomu dojde, hospodářské škody i ztráty na životech překonají všechny předchozí války.

Je pokořující připomenout si, že některé z nejvražednějších invazí minulosti provedly jednobuněčné organismy, například cholera, dýmějový mor a tuberkulóza. Země, jež na to mají dostatek zdrojů, vyvíjejí obranné plány proti pandemiím – omezené strategie, jež by ochránily jejich vlastní občany. Většina vlád doufá, že díky včasné detekci bude možné šíření pandemie zadržet.

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