Новый курс для бедных фермеров

НЬЮ-ЙОРК - Многие бедные страны, импортирующие продовольственную продукцию, оказались в отчаянном положении в последние несколько месяцев в результате двукратного повышения глобальных цен на рис, пшеницу и кукурузу. Сотни миллионов бедных людей, которые уже тратят значительную часть своего ежедневного бюджета на продукты питания, в настоящее время находятся в критическом положении. Растет волна продовольственных бунтов.

Но многие бедные страны могут сами выращивать больше сельскохозяйственной продукции, потому что их фермеры производят гораздо меньше, чем позволяют технологические возможности. В некоторых случаях, при наличии соответствующих мер со стороны правительства, они могли бы удвоить или даже утроить объемы производства продуктов питания в течение нескольких лет. 

Идея проста и хорошо известна. Традиционные фермерские хозяйства вкладывают мало средств в производство своей продукции и получают бедный урожай. Бедные крестьяне используют собственные семена с предыдущего сезона, испытывают недостаток в удобрениях, зависят от дождя, а не орошения, и не имеют практически никакой сельскохозяйственной техники помимо традиционной мотыги. Их фермы обычно небольшие по размеру: площадью в один гектар (2,5 акра) или меньше.

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