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Lawrence H. Summers

Lawrence H. Summers

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Lawrence H. Summers was Chief Economist of the World Bank (1991-93), US Secretary of the Treasury (1999-2001), Director of the US National Economic Council (2009-10), and President of Harvard University (2001-06), where he is currently University Professor.

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  1. The Multilateral Development Banks the World Needs
    summers13_Natali_MisGetty Images_worldconnections Natali_Mis/Getty Images

    The Multilateral Development Banks the World Needs

    Jul 24, 2023 Lawrence H. Summers & N.K. Singh offer a plan to ensure that these key institutions prove equal to challenges of the twenty-first century.

  2. A New Chance for the World Bank
    summers12_ STEFANI REYNOLDSAFP via Getty Images)_world bank ERIC BARADAT/AFP via Getty Images

    A New Chance for the World Bank

    Oct 10, 2022 Lawrence H. Summers calls for reforms focused on crisis response, post-conflict reconstruction, and the green transition.

  3. Debt Relief Is the Most Effective Pandemic Aid
    brown64_NICHOLAS KAMMAFP via Getty Images_georgievamalpassworldbankIMF Nicholas Kamm/AFP via Getty Images

    Debt Relief Is the Most Effective Pandemic Aid

    Apr 15, 2020 Gordon Brown & Lawrence H. Summers call for a two-year moratorium on payments for every emerging and developing economy that needs help.

  4. Can a Political-Economy Vicious Circle Be Avoided?
    summers10 Getty Images

    Can a Political-Economy Vicious Circle Be Avoided?

    Dec 26, 2019 Lawrence H. Summers sees the US presidential election in November as the year's most important decision worldwide.

  5. Whither Central Banking?
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    Whither Central Banking?

    Aug 23, 2019 Lawrence H. Summers & Anna Stansbury say that monetary policymakers should finally admit their impotence in the face of secular stagnation.

  1. adjei1_ NIPAH DENNISAFP via Getty Images_ghana forest preservation NIPAH DENNIS/AFP via Getty Images

    Carbon Credits Hold the Key to Combating Deforestation

    Roselyn Fosuah Adjei explains how nature-based offsets could help reduce emissions and benefit local communities.
  2. buruma211_VANO SHLAMOVAFP via Getty Image_navalny Vano Shlamov/AFP via Getty Images

    Alexei Navalny Did Not Die for Nothing

    Ian Buruma

    The Russian opposition leader faced a dilemma that all dissenters in authoritarian states must grapple with: live in exile and fade into obscurity, or confront an oppressive regime and risk imprisonment and torture. Navalny’s choice – and the price he paid for making it – will inspire dissidents for generations to come.

    highlights the crucial role of political martyrs in inspiring resistance to oppressive regimes.
  3. velasco145_Amarjeet Kumar SinghAnadolu Agency via Getty Images Amarjeet Kumar Singh/Anadolu Agency via Getty Images

    The Submergence of Emerging Markets

    Andrés Velasco worries that major middle-income economies are facing a prolonged slowdown, jeopardizing global convergence.
  4. nabi6_Monika Skolimowskapicture alliance via Getty Images_ai health Monika Skolimowska/picture alliance via Getty Images

    How AI Could Reshape Medicine

    Junaid Nabi highlights the new technology’s potential to transform how we diagnose, treat, and prevent diseases.
  5. op_fofack3_Sean GallupGetty Images_rutogeorgieva Sean Gallup/Getty Images

    Making Bretton Woods Work for Africa

    Hippolyte Fofack envisions a reformed global financial architecture that provides equal access to long-term patient capital.
  6. spence170_Biplov BhuyanHindustan Times via Getty Images_wsupreme court india Biplov Bhuyan/Hindustan Times via Getty Images

    Making Sense of Society

    Michael Spence considers why a healthy civil society is crucial to good governance and inclusive prosperity.
  7. haldar31_Sefa KaracanAnadolu AgencyGetty Images_navalny Sefa Karacan/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

    Shock Therapy Killed Navalny

    Antara Haldar argues that while Vladimir Putin bears responsibility, so do the economic policies that put him in power.
  8. rbrooks1_Markus Scholzpicture alliance via Getty Images_germanyshipping Markus Scholz/picture alliance via Getty Images

    Putin’s Silk Road Around Sanctions

    Robin Brooks & Simon Johnson urge Europe and the G7 to stop the re-export of Western goods to Russia from Central Asia and the Caucasus.
  9. thallinger3_Sean GallupGetty Images_fossil fuels Sean Gallup/Getty Images

    To Fight Climate Change, End Fossil-Fuel Subsidies

    Günther Thallinger & Ludovic Subran urge policymakers to recognize the true costs of a policy that harms the planet and does not help the poor.

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