核能的“文艺复兴”从何而来?

发自苏黎世——这几年来不断有人呼吁要重振民用核能的雄风。但在我看来,这么一场民用核能的“文艺复兴时代”似乎还远未到来。

事实上,全世界200多个国家中采用了核能的只有区区30国。截止到2010年7月,全球总共有439座核电站投入运作,净装机容量达373.038吉瓦(GW(e),电力学单位,1吉瓦=10亿瓦)并实现了联网,较2006初又增加了1.2吉瓦。

全球大概有16%的能源需求(发达国家为25%)是由电来提供的。而相比于1998年之间的18%,核能所占的份额在2008年已经下降到了14%。从全球角度上看,核能如今只能算是能源多样性中的一个小的组成部分,更出乎人们意料的是,其所占的份额也没有上升。

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