Wuilly Arteaga at a protest in Caracas Carlos Becerra/Getty Images

Идейные бунтари Венесуэлы

ВАШИНГТОН – Фотографию Вилли Артеаги, который плачет, потому что венесуэльские силы безопасности сломали ему скрипку, увидели миллионы людей во всём мире. 23-хлетний Артеага участвовал в протестах против правительства президента Венесуэлы Николаса Мадуро, играя патриотические песни. Его взгляд отчаяния выражает чувства многих жителей Венесуэлы, гадающих, как долго ещё их страна должна страдать от насилия и плохого правления.

С тех пор как 1 апреля в Венесуэле начались организованные оппозицией уличные протесты, в их ходе погибли уже, по меньшей мере, 115 человек. Из них более 50 человек – моложе 30 лет, многие были ещё подростками. В их числе Неомар Ландер, 17-летний участник протестов, который, как сообщается, был застрелен в упор патроном со слезоточивым газом, и Йейсон Мор, которому тоже было 17 лет: его убили выстрелом в лицо, когда он участвовал в демонстрации на юго-западе страны.

Оценивать размер и демографию протестующей толпы всегда трудно; но уже можно сделать два чётких вывода по поводу нынешних протестов в Венесуэле. Во-первых, они оказались намного шире и более разнородными в социально-экономическом плане, чем протесты против Мадуро в 2014 году, в которых в основном участвовали венесуэльцы из среднего класса. Во-вторых, в сегодняшних протестах много молодёжи.

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