能源的两种未来

    到2100年,世界能源体系将发生极大的变化。可再生能源,如太阳能、风能、水力发电和生物燃料,将在能源组合中占很大比例,核能也将占有一席之地。到那时,人类已经找到了解决空气污染和温室气体排放的方法,新技术已经降低了建筑物和机动车对能源的需求。

    的确,长远的未来是光明的,但它取决于我们选择怎样的路径前往。可能的路

径有两条:第一条我们称之为“抢夺混战”,像一场穿越荒山大漠的赛车,抢夺激烈,充满刺激。但结果却是“欲速则不达”,许多参与者将会中途翻车。

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