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Волна на выборах в Америке?

ВАШИНГТОН – В этом году мир загипнотизирован президентскими выборами в США, поэтому ход соперничества за контроль над Палатой представителей и Сенатом многие упускают из вида. Однако от результатов выборов в Конгресс зависит реализуемость программы следующего президента.

Несмотря на всю ту власть, которой обладает президент США, именно 100 членов Сената решают судьбу международных соглашений, а также президентских законопроектов и кадровых назначений. У Палаты представителей, состоящей из 435 депутатов, меньше полномочий, чем у Сената, но если бы одна партия контролировала и Белый дом, и Сенат, и Палату представителей, тогда можно было бы выйти из тупика, который ослаблял государственное управление в США в последние годы.

В США нет выборов по партийным спискам, поэтому избиратели могут либо наказать одну из партий (обычно ту, которая у власти), проголосовав против всех её кандидатов; либо полностью поддержать одну из партий; либо разделить свои голоса, проголосовав за кандидата в президента от одной партии, а кандидатов в Конгресс от другой.

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