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EE.UU. y el mundo están en transición

NUEVA YORK – En menos de dos meses, la transición política estadounidense habrá terminado. El presidente número 45 de Estados Unidos se instalará en la oficina oval. El presidente electo Donald Trump se convertirá en el presidente Trump; el presidente Barack Obama se unirá a Jimmy Carter, George H.W. Bush, Bill Clinton y George W. Bush como uno más en la lista de ex presidentes de EE.UU. que están con vida.

Proliferan especulaciones sobre las probables políticas de Trump, tanto sobre su política exterior como la doméstica; pero, pocas de dichas especulaciones, e incluso hasta ninguna, son significativas. Hacer campaña proselitista y gobernar son dos actividades muy distintas, y no hay razón para suponer que la forma en la que Trump condujo la primera sea indicativa de la forma cómo él abordará la segunda. Aún no sabemos quiénes serán los principales asesores, y cómo (y cuán bien) trabajarán los mismos de manera conjunta.

Sin embargo, en medio de esta incertidumbre, hay algunas cosas que sí sabemos. La primera es que a Trump se le recibirá con una cesta de asuntos por resolver que está repleta de desafíos internacionales difíciles. Sin duda, ningún problema se compara con la Guerra Fría en su apogeo, pero la gran cantidad y complejidad de problemas no tiene precedentes en tiempos modernos.

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