Право умереть

21-го декабря итальянский доктор Марио Риччио отключил аппарат искусственного дыхания, поддерживавший жизнь Пьерджиорджио Уэлби. Полностью парализованный Уэлби, страдавший мышечной дистрофией, безуспешно боролся в итальянских судах за право умереть. После того, как Риччио дал ему успокоительное и отключил аппарат искусственного дыхания, Уэлби трижды сказал «спасибо» - своей жене, своим друзьям и своему доктору. Сорок пять минут спустя он умер.

Просьба о смерти со стороны Уэлби получила широкое освещение в Италии, где этот случай вызвал горячие дебаты. На время написания этой статьи остается неясным, будут ли предъявлены обвинения Риччио. По крайней мере один итальянский политик потребовал его ареста по обвинению в убийстве.

Смерть Уэлби поднимает два вопроса, которые необходимо отличать друг от друга. Один заключается в том, имеет ли человек право отказаться от поддерживающего жизнь медицинского лечения, тогда как второй касается того, является ли добровольная эвтаназия этически оправданной.

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