欧洲碳排放交易的经验教训

佛罗伦萨——

随着坎昆气候变化峰会的临近,有关碳排放交易制度可行性的讨论日趋激烈。世界可以将欧洲看作一个模型,欧洲不仅在继续实施该制度,而且取得了成果。

2005年,欧盟成员国率先创建了大约覆盖其一半二氧化碳排放量的碳排放总量管制与交易制度。现在仍然只有欧盟几个国家对其很大一部分经济收取碳排放费用。欧盟的“碳排放交易方案”(ETS)已经实施了5年,有三大经验教训可以借鉴。

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