Nový zlatý věk kartografie

MOUNTAIN VIEW, KALIFORNIE – Noé Diakubama, emigrant z Demokratické republiky Kongo, který dnes žije v Paříži, je jedním z nebojácných průkopníků tohoto století. Pomocí internetových mapovacích nástrojů vytvořil první mapu své vesnice Mbandaka a od roku 2009 ji se svou manželkou více než stotisíckrát upravil. Noé doslova dostal Mbandaku – a lidi, kteří tam žijí – na mapu.

Noé není jediný takový průkopník. Existuje obrovská a stále početnější komunita internetových tvůrců map, kteří zhotovují užitečné a dostupné mapy méně známých oblastí – a přitom mění životy lidí.

Ve věku zámořských objevů, který trval od patnáctého do sedmnáctého století, podnikali dobrodruzi jako Kryštof Kolumbus, Fernão de Magalhães nebo James Cook nebezpečné výpravy do vzdálených zemí od Nového Zélandu po Newfoundland a kreslili podrobné mapy svých cest. Tím, že posouvali vpřed zeměpisné znalosti, rozšiřovali také rozhled lidí, podporovali obchod a pomáhali nástupu průmyslové revoluce.

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