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jochnick1_John MilnerSOPA ImagesLightRocket via Getty Images_farmer John Milner/SOPA Images/LightRocket via Getty Images

强化地权可遏制移民

西雅图—世界粮食供给正在受到威胁。气候变化政府间委员会(IPCC)的最新气候变化和土地报告提出了这一强烈警告。信号无处不在。全世界有数亿人正在遭受饥饿和营养不良,这反过来推动了近期最大规模的移民潮。要让人们留在原处,首先便是要强化他们留在原处的权利。

IPCC认为,在气候变化升级的情况下改善粮食安全需要一场土地使用革命。农民需要落实改善气候恢复力、保护土壤和植被以及提高产量的农业行为——如改进的灌溉、梯田和经济林。

但数百万农村居民缺少稳定性和机会,无法投资这一转型,这主要是因为无法保证地权。随着气候变化的加剧,他们的生计也将更加不可持续,粮食供给更加受到掣肘。许多农民家庭将难以过活,更不用说摆脱贫困了。

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