Poor neighborhood Jakarta Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

Небезопасность неравенства

НЬЮ-ЙОРК – Сегодня глобальное неравенство находится на уровне, наблюдавшемся в конце девятнадцатого века, и оно продолжает расти. С ним набирает силу нарастающее чувство бесправия, которое подпитывает отчуждение и гнев, и даже порождает национализм и ксенофобию. Поскольку люди изо всех сил стараются удержать свою сокращающуюся долю пирога, их беспокойство породило политические возможности для оппортунистических популистов, сотрясая при этом мировой порядок.

Разрыв между богатыми и бедными в наши дни ошеломляет. Oxfam отмечает, что восемь самых богатых людей в мире сегодня владеют таким же благосостоянием, как самые бедные 3,6 миллиарда человек. Как недавно подчеркнул Американский сенатор Берни Сандерс, семья Уолтонов, которой принадлежит Walmart, сегодня владеет большим благосостоянием, чем основные 42% населения США.

Я могу предложить свое собственное шокирующее сравнение. Используя базу данных Credit Suisse о благосостоянии, я установил, что общее состояние трех самых богатых людей в мире превышает уровень того, что принадлежит всему населению трех стран - Анголы, Буркина-Фасо и Демократической Республики Конго, которое насчитывает 122 миллиона человек.

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