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英国的多边贸易未来

剑桥—在英国与欧盟谈判分手协议时,英国领导人的明智做法是着眼于未来以决定采取怎样的国际贸易关系方针最为合适。英国真的需要把未来系于一长串个别贸易伙伴的双边协议吗?还是加入现成的大区域自贸协定,同时致力于强化世贸组织框架下的全球多边贸易体系更好?

双边方针需要巨大的时间和资源,英国谈判员要逐一与其想做生意的各个国家进行一系列讨论。最终结果将是一个错综复杂的协议网,加剧国际贸易体系的支离破碎。

这一方针制约了贸易所带来的收益。比如,据泛美开发银行报道,拉美33个小型地区贸易协议所产生的贸易收益微乎其微。它指出,扩大这些收益的关键在于采取新战略,加强市场间和市场内部的准入。

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