Katastrofa a rozvoj

NEW YORK – Když tajfun Hagupit dorazil 6. prosince na filipínskou pevninu, měli ještě lidé v čerstvé paměti vzpomínky na tajfun Haiyan, který si vyžádal více než 6300 životů. Podle Organizace spojených národů bylo před tajfunem Hagupit evakuováno přibližně 227 000 rodin – to je více než milion lidí. Tajfun, který patřil k nejsilnějším v této sezoně, nakonec připravil o život přibližně třicet osob. Všechna úmrtí v důsledku živelných katastrof jsou sice tragédií, avšak skutečnost, že počet obětí nebyl mnohem vyšší, svědčí o úsilí, které Filipínci věnovali přípravám na přírodní katastrofy.

Jako administrátorka Rozvojového programu Organizace spojených národů (UNDP) jsem na vlastní oči viděla spoušť a srdceryvné tragédie, které katastrofy na celém světě způsobují. Od začátku století zemřel na následky bouří, jako byl tajfun Hagupit, i dalších velkých pohrom typu zemětřesení na Haiti v roce 2010 více než milion lidí a celkové hospodářské škody dosáhly téměř dvou bilionů dolarů.

Tyto ztráty jsou tragické, ale zároveň se jim lze vyhnout. Slouží jako připomínka, že připravenost na katastrofy není volitelným luxusem, nýbrž ustavičným intenzivním procesem, který je nezbytný k záchraně životů, ochraně infrastruktury a zabezpečení rozvoje.

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