Wind turbines in farmland

L’energia rinnovabile e il rinnovamento economico del Medio Oriente

FEZ – Il crollo del prezzo del petrolio a livello mondiale ha devastato le economie del Medio Oriente e del Nord Africa. Avendo assistito a profonde flessioni dei prezzi in passato, molti leader della regione potrebbero essere indotti a pensare che arrivi un nuovo rialzo dei prezzi. Ma questo collasso è diverso, e i governi hanno bisogno di nuove strategie per l’energia e lo sviluppo. L’impulso del Marocco di diventare una centrale regionale di energia rinnovabile offre un’opzione reale per lo sviluppo economico in altri Paesi arabi.

Il Marocco investe da tempo in progetti su vasta scala destinati all’energia rinnovabile; ma solo ora questi investimenti stanno venendo alla luce. Forse il più imponente è il compound di energia solare Noor-1, situato nel deserto marocchino vicino a Ouarzazate. Inaugurato il 4 febbraio, Noor-1 si avvale di tecnologie altamente avanzate per immagazzinare energia da utilizzare di notte e nelle giornate nuvolose.

Secondo le stime della Banca mondiale, Noor-1, considerata la più grande centrale solare del mondo, dovrebbe produrre abbastanza energia per oltre un milione di persone, con energia extra da poter eventualmente esportare in Europa e in Africa. Considerando che il Marocco importa all’incirca il 97% del suo approvvigionamento energetico, e non possiede propri depositi di petrolio o gas naturale, il governo guarda all’energia rinnovabile come all’unico modo per garantire al Paese un continuo sviluppo economico. Questa è l’intuizione cui dovrebbero aspirare anche altri Paesi della regione.

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