Kim Badawi Images/Getty Images

在中东地区管理妥协

开罗——中东地区特别是阿拉伯世界正在经历一个面临根本变化甚至更根本挑战的时期。但国家、地区和国际社会对改革形式的歧义导致该地区迎接挑战的环境日趋复杂化,上述分歧包括地区和各国社会应当采取什么样的变革形式。

国际社会无疑应在支持地区社会和经济改革方面发挥核心作用,协助政府找到推进必要改革的意愿和途径。但更重要的是阿拉伯人自己要采取前瞻性视角思考自己面临的挑战,并学会主导自己的命运。

2011年阿拉伯之春革命的爆发让这个问题变得十分明确。尽管区域内人口变化已经带来了重大改变,包括快速人口增长、城市化和受过大学教育的年轻失业人口激增,但抗议的爆发仍然令许多中东和北非国家措手不及。阿拉伯青年是要求变革的主导力量。此外,促成变革的还有带来信息解放和促进普通民众交流、并从根本上瓦解了许多政府对知识和联系方式垄断地位的全新数字技术。

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/opVMDhC/zh;
  1. China corruption Isaac Lawrence/Getty Images

    The Next Battle in China’s War on Corruption

    • Chinese President Xi Jinping knows well the threat that corruption poses to the authority of the Communist Party of China and the state it controls. 
    • But moving beyond Xi's anti-corruption purge to build robust and lasting anti-graft institutions will not be easy, owing to enduring opportunities for bureaucratic capture.
  2. Italy unemployed demonstration SalvatoreEsposito/Barcroftimages / Barcroft Media via Getty Images

    Putting Europe’s Long-Term Unemployed Back to Work

    Across the European Union, millions of people who are willing and able to work have been unemployed for a year or longer, at great cost to social cohesion and political stability. If the EU is serious about stopping the rise of populism, it will need to do more to ensure that labor markets are working for everyone.

  3. Latin America market Federico Parra/Getty Images

    A Belt and Road for the Americas?

    In a time of global uncertainty, a vision of “made in the Americas” prosperity provides a unifying agenda for the continent. If implemented, the US could reassert its historical leadership among a group of countries that share its fundamental values, as well as an interest in inclusive economic growth and rising living standards.

  4. Startup office Mladlen Antonov/Getty Images

    How Best to Promote Research and Development

    Clearly, there is something appealing about a start-up-based innovation strategy: it feels democratic, accessible, and so California. But it is definitely not the only way to boost research and development, or even the main way, and it is certainly not the way most major innovations in the US came about during the twentieth century.

  5. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.