Sergei Savostyanov/TASS/Getty Images

Appuyer les innovateurs de la santé dans le monde en développement

DHAKA – En 2012, la Déclaration de Londres sur les maladies tropicales négligées a proposé une nouvelle vision audacieuse de la coopération internationale, dans laquelle les réseaux et la mondialisation pourraient étayer les initiatives mondiales dans le Sud pour éradiquer des maladies mortelles qui touchent disproportionnellement les collectivités les plus démunies. La Déclaration de Londres — la plus importante collaboration mondiale de santé publique jusqu’ici — a aidé à cultiver la confiance dans l’ordre mondial fondé sur les règles qui sont apparues après la Seconde Guerre mondiale.

Mais cette confiance chèrement gagnée est maintenant en grave danger alors que les forces populistes du monde occidental ne cessent de faire feu sur les engagements de leur pays en matière d’aide étrangère. En particulier, le président Donald Trump a annoncé des réductions spectaculaires au budget d’aide internationale des États-Unis, dans le but d’apaiser des électeurs américains mécontents de leurs conditions économiques et qui veulent que leurs impôts soient dépensés au pays. Ce que cette politique à courte vue ignore c’est que les retombées à long terme de l’aide à la recherche médicale dans l’hémisphère Sud l’emportent sur les coûts à court terme.

À titre de chercheur du Centre international de recherche sur les maladies diarrhéiques du Bangladesh (icddr,b), j’ai été intimement lié aux initiatives locales pour éradiquer la leishmaniose viscérale (LV, aussi connu sous le nom de kala-azar), l’une des maladies couvertes par la Déclaration de Londres. Grâce à l’appui généreux de donateurs internationaux, j’ai été en mesure de mener des recherches fondatrices dans le domaine.

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