Macron and Germany Michele Tantussi/Stringer

Справится ли Макрон?

КЕМБРИДЖ (США) – Победа Эммануэля Макрона над Марин Ле Пен стала хорошей новостью, в которой очень нуждались все, кто выступает за открытые, либерально-демократические общества, а не националистические и ксенофобские. Впрочем, сражение с ультраправым популизмом ещё далеко не выиграно.

Ле Пен получила больше трети голосов во втором туре, несмотря на то, что её поддержала лишь одна партия, помимо её собственного Национального фронта, – небольшая партия «Вставай, Франция» (Debout la France) Николя Дюпон-Эньяна. При этом явка оказалась намного ниже, чем на предыдущих президентских выборах, что говорит о большом количестве недовольных избирателей. Если в следующие пять лет Макрон не добьётся успеха, тогда Ле Пен вернётся, чтобы отомстить, а националисты-популисты вновь начнут набирать силу в Европе и других регионах мира.

В нашу эпоху политики, направленной против истеблишмента, Макрону-кандидату очень помогал тот факт, что он находился вне традиционных политических партий. Однако для Макрона-президента тот же самый факт является огромным недостатком. Созданному им политическому движению «Вперёд!» (En Marche!) всего лишь один год. Ему с нуля придётся формировать парламентское большинство после выборов в Национальное собрание, которые состоятся в июне.

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