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Пределы роста зелёной экономики

БЕРЛИН – В последние годы стала набирать силу поддержка идеи «зелёной экономики», способной избавить мир от затяжного экологического и экономического кризиса и возвестить новую эру устойчивого роста. Однако эти призывы вызвали неожиданную дискуссию: многие предсказывают, что всё будет точно так же, как и раньше, только под слоем зелёной краски. Действительно ли примирение экологических и экономических приоритетов станет более трудной задачей, чем мы предполагали?

Если одним словом, ответ – да. Согласно общепринятому мнению, зелёная экономика поможет избавиться от нашей зависимости от ископаемых видов топлива, не жертвуя при этом ростом экономики. Многие утверждают, что переход к зелёной экономике способен даже дать толчок новому росту. Однако насколько эта идея привлекательна, настолько же она и нереальна – и это показано в нашей новой книге «Внутри зелёной экономики».

Разумеется, настоящая «зелёная» экономика вполне может быть процветающей. Однако в той модели, которая доминирует сегодня, внимание сосредоточено на быстрых и простых решениях. Кроме того, первенство в ней отдаётся экономическим аспектам, поэтому эта модель не способна учесть глубину необходимых преобразований.

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