Paul Lachine

日本的废墟经济

东京—3月11日是日本遭受地震、海啸和核事故三重打击的一周年纪念日。根据日本警察厅公布的数据,这场东日本大地震造成15 848人死亡、3 305人失踪,是日本自二战以来生命损失最严重的自然灾难。失踪者搜寻工作——主要是海上搜寻——仍在进行中。

再来看看此次地震和海啸中建筑的受损情况:128 582栋建筑完全被毁,243 914栋部分被毁,281栋完全或部分被烧毁,33 056栋被淹(包括17 806栋超过一层的建筑),674 641栋遭受了其他形式的损坏。大约320 000人无家可归,其中90%以上至今仍住在临时住所。他们的家园在何处重建仍然没有定论。

1995年发生的阪神大地震夺走了6 343人的生命,其中部分原因在于神户街道错综复杂,导致紧急救援人员无法快速抵达现场。地震发生后,重生的神户面貌发生了重大变化,比以前更加安全了。

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