France chicken farm Fred Tanneau/Stringer

Vaincre la faim par une alimentation d’origine végétale

BERLIN – Le mode d’alimentation du monde industrialisé n’est ni sain, ni juste, ni soutenable. Une quantité beaucoup trop importante de la viande que nous mangeons est produite dans des conditions douteuses, que ce soit d’un point de vue écologique, éthique ou social. Et notre modèle industriel de production de viande s’exporte désormais dans les pays du Sud – notamment en Chine et en Inde – où la consommation de viande augmente dans les classes moyennes émergentes.

300 millions de tonnes de viande sont produites chaque année dans le monde, et la FAO, l’Organisation des Nations unies pour l’alimentation et l’agriculture, estime qu’en 2050, cette production atteindra 455 millions de tonnes si la demande continue de croître au rythme actuel. De telles quantités de viandes ne peuvent être produites qu’à l’échelle industrielle, avec des coûts sociaux, politiques et écologiques considérables.

La production de viande conduit à une utilisation particulièrement inefficace des terres agricoles, car il faut beaucoup plus d’aliments d’origine végétale pour nourrir le bétail que nous n’en aurions besoin pour notre propre alimentation si celle-ci était directement assurée par un régime à base de végétaux. Ainsi faut-il, pour produire un kilogramme de viande de poulet, de porc ou de bœuf, respectivement 1,6 kilo, 3 kilos et 8 kilos d’aliments pour animaux. C’est pourquoi les producteurs d’aliments pour animaux et les agriculteurs se dressent les uns contre les autres, dans une lutte féroce dont l’enjeu est la terre.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/TSSV5rS/fr;
  1. Sean Gallup/Getty Images

    Angela Merkel’s Endgame?

    The collapse of coalition negotiations has left German Chancellor Angela Merkel facing a stark choice between forming a minority government or calling for a new election. But would a minority government necessarily be as bad as Germans have traditionally thought?

  2. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.

  3. A GrabBike rider uses his mobile phone Bay Ismoyo/Getty Images

    The Platform Economy

    While developed countries in Europe, North America, and Asia are rapidly aging, emerging economies are predominantly youthful. Nigerian, Indonesian, and Vietnamese young people will shape global work trends at an increasingly rapid pace, bringing to bear their experience in dynamic informal markets on a tech-enabled gig economy.

  4. Trump Mario Tama/Getty Images

    Profiles in Discouragement

    One day, the United States will turn the page on Donald Trump. But, as Americans prepare to observe their Thanksgiving holiday, they should reflect that their country's culture and global standing will never recover fully from the wounds that his presidency is inflicting on them.

  5. Mugabe kisses Grace JEKESAI NJIKIZANA/AFP/Getty Images

    How Women Shape Coups

    In Zimbabwe, as in all coups, much behind-the-scenes plotting continues to take place in the aftermath of the military's overthrow of President Robert Mugabe. But who the eventual winners and losers are may depend, among other things, on the gender of the plotters.

  6. Oil barrels Ahmad Al-Rubaye/Getty Images

    The Abnormality of Oil

    At the 2017 Abu Dhabi Petroleum Exhibition and Conference, the consensus among industry executives was that oil prices will still be around $60 per barrel in November 2018. But there is evidence to suggest that the uptick in global growth and developments in Saudi Arabia will push the price as high as $80 in the meantime.

  7. Israeli soldier Menahem Kahana/Getty Images

    The Saudi Prince’s Dangerous War Games

    Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman is working hard to consolidate power and establish his country as the Middle East’s only hegemon. But his efforts – which include an attempt to trigger a war between Israel and Hezbollah in Lebanon – increasingly look like the work of an immature gambler.