Elysee Palace Julien M. Hekimian/Stringer

L'Europe entre répit et réforme

MILAN – Le premier tour de l'élection présidentielle française a donné le résultat attendu : Emmanuel Macron, le candidat centriste, est arrivé en tête avec 24% des voix, suivi de près par Marine Le Pen (21,3%), la candidate du Front National, un parti de droite. Sauf un incident comme celui qui a fait chuter l'ancien favori, le candidat conservateur François Fillon, Macron va très probablement l'emporter contre Marine Le Pen, lors du 2° tour le 7 mai. L'UE paraît ainsi hors de danger - au moins pour l'instant.

Les candidats de l'establishment de droite comme de gauche éliminés au premier tour ayant déjà accordé leur soutien au très pro-européen Macron, la menace immédiate qui planait sur l'UE et la zone euro semble s'éloigner. Mais il n'y a pas lieu de se complaire dans l'autosatisfaction. Si l'Europe ne corrige pas les défauts de son modèle de croissance et n'entreprend pas les réformes urgentes indispensables, elle va jouer sa survie à long terme.

Comme on l'a souvent remarqué, l'élection présidentielle française, comme les autres élections importantes qui ont eu lieu l'année dernière, traduit un rejet des partis politiques de l'establishment : Fillon, du parti républicain, est arrivé 3° avec environ 20% des voix et Benoit Hamon qui représentait le parti socialiste est arrivé 5° avec moins de 6,5% des voix ; par contre Jean-Luc Mélanchon, un eurosceptique de gauche, a atteint 19,5%. Ainsi les candidats représentants des partis non-traditionnels (Le Pen, Macron et Mélanchon) ont réuni presque 65% des voix.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.


Log in

  1. Sean Gallup/Getty Images

    Angela Merkel’s Endgame?

    The collapse of coalition negotiations has left German Chancellor Angela Merkel facing a stark choice between forming a minority government or calling for a new election. But would a minority government necessarily be as bad as Germans have traditionally thought?

  2. Trump Trade speech Bill Pugliano/Getty Images .

    Preparing for the Trump Trade Wars

    In the first 11 months of his presidency, Donald Trump has failed to back up his words – or tweets – with action on a variety of fronts. But the rest of the world's governments, and particularly those in Asia and Europe, would be mistaken to assume that he won't follow through on his promised "America First" trade agenda.

  3. A GrabBike rider uses his mobile phone Bay Ismoyo/Getty Images

    The Platform Economy

    While developed countries in Europe, North America, and Asia are rapidly aging, emerging economies are predominantly youthful. Nigerian, Indonesian, and Vietnamese young people will shape global work trends at an increasingly rapid pace, bringing to bear their experience in dynamic informal markets on a tech-enabled gig economy.

  4. Trump Mario Tama/Getty Images

    Profiles in Discouragement

    One day, the United States will turn the page on Donald Trump. But, as Americans prepare to observe their Thanksgiving holiday, they should reflect that their country's culture and global standing will never recover fully from the wounds that his presidency is inflicting on them.

  5. Mugabe kisses Grace JEKESAI NJIKIZANA/AFP/Getty Images

    How Women Shape Coups

    In Zimbabwe, as in all coups, much behind-the-scenes plotting continues to take place in the aftermath of the military's overthrow of President Robert Mugabe. But who the eventual winners and losers are may depend, among other things, on the gender of the plotters.

  6. Oil barrels Ahmad Al-Rubaye/Getty Images

    The Abnormality of Oil

    At the 2017 Abu Dhabi Petroleum Exhibition and Conference, the consensus among industry executives was that oil prices will still be around $60 per barrel in November 2018. But there is evidence to suggest that the uptick in global growth and developments in Saudi Arabia will push the price as high as $80 in the meantime.

  7. Israeli soldier Menahem Kahana/Getty Images

    The Saudi Prince’s Dangerous War Games

    Saudi Arabia’s Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman is working hard to consolidate power and establish his country as the Middle East’s only hegemon. But his efforts – which include an attempt to trigger a war between Israel and Hezbollah in Lebanon – increasingly look like the work of an immature gambler.