children playing Anadolu Agency/Getty Images

Jak financovat zdraví a vzdělání pro všechny

NEW YORK – V roce 2015 zemřelo ze snadno preventabilních nebo léčitelných příčin přibližně 5,9 milionu dětí ve věku do pěti let, téměř výlučně v rozvojových zemích. A až 200 milionů malých dětí a adolescentů nenavštěvuje podle nedávného odhadu kvůli chudobě základní či střední školu, z toho 110 milionů do úrovně druhého stupně základní školy. V obou případech by se dalo toto nesmírné strádání ukončit pomocí skrovného objemu globálních financí.

Děti v chudých zemích umírají z důvodů, které se v bohatých státech podařilo takřka zcela eliminovat – například v důsledku nebezpečných porodů, onemocnění, jimž lze předejít vakcínami, infekcí, jako je malárie, u nichž je k dispozici nenákladná léčba, a nedostatečné výživy. V morálním světě bychom vyvinuli maximální úsilí, abychom takovým úmrtím učinili přítrž.

Ve skutečnosti však svět vyvíjí jen polovičatou snahu. Počet úmrtí malých dětí klesl z 12,7 milionu případů zaznamenaných v roce 1990 na necelou polovinu, a to díky dodatečným globálním financím určeným na kontrolu nemocí – přičemž tyto finance proudí přes nové instituce, jako je Globální fond boje proti AIDS, tuberkulóze a malárii.

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