A Yemeni boy school writes as he sits outside a school AHMAD AL-BASHA/AFP/Getty Images

终结针对教育的战争

火奴鲁鲁——我三岁的侄女非常相信“好人”的力量。每次我去拜访,她总会把我拉到她房间的书架旁,拿出一本接一本书,每一本书的结论都相同:无论战斗大小,最终总是好人获胜。

我不忍心告诉她,在真实的世界里,干净的战斗和令人满意的结果仅仅是例外。现代战争不遵守任何规则,而忠诚永远不是非黑即白。在我看来,冲突地区针对学校和教育工作者的暴力行为激增最能说明这一点。

今年5月,全球保护教育免遭袭击联盟将发布一份遭受攻击的教育情况报告,该报告证实战争和军事行动对教育造成的严重伤害正在超过近代记忆中的任何时候。教育遭受影响的数据的确令人震惊。全球约有8,000万儿童因暴力而无法上学。仅2017年上半年,20个国家就发生了超过500起学校袭击事件,这一数据显著超过往年的水平。据联合国报告,在其中的15个国家,政府军或叛乱部队攻占学校用于军事用途。

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