A chemical and mineral oil storage facility is seen at Hamburg Port Morris MacMatzen/Getty Images

为何市场无法让地球变凉

密尔沃基—全球气温正以令人警惕的速度上升,减少世界化石燃料消费、加速采用绿色能源刻不容缓。讨论最多的方案是用市场力量让传统燃料变得更加昂贵;概念包括给碳定价和保护消除大气中二氧化碳的自然资源。

乍一看,基于市场的策略很有吸引力。毕竟,亚当·斯密在《国富论》中指出,“我们的晚餐不是来自屠夫、酿酒者和面包师的仁慈,而是来自他们对自身利益的关注。”换句话说,说服雪弗龙和通用汽车等排放大户拯救地球的作家办法必须诉诸利润动机,对吧?

未必。自由市场固然能指引世界走向更富裕、更健康的未来,但相信斯密的“看不见的手”能赢得与气候变化的斗争将是一个悲剧性的错误。

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