The employees in the lobby of the Office Building at Alibaba Wang He/Getty Images

中国硅谷的崛起

发自剑桥——人工智能的硅谷将在未来(或者可以说是已经)出现在中国。小米,百度,滴滴出行,美团和今日头条等科技企业都将总部设在北京。阿里巴巴这个中国电子商务巨头位于杭州。另一家在人工智能上投入巨资的跨国企业集团腾讯则位于深圳。腾讯的股票总市值已经高于通用电气,而百度则早就超越了通用汽车。

而中国之所以有机会引领人工智能技术的发展,是因为它采用新技术的速度极快。就像印度的数百万消费者跳过固定电话和翻盖手机直接从无电话跨越到智能手机一样,中国消费者现在也实现了类似的跨越并采用了各类新技术。比如中国消费者已经跳过信用卡去直接使用电子支付平台。这边Apple Pay还在美国挣扎求增长,那边腾讯已经每天操作6亿多笔无现金交易了。

腾讯以及其他中国企业的大规模集中化平台让他们在人工智能研究和开发方面享有优势,允许他们生成并收集大量数据以完善自身的机器学习算法。这些平台也享有近乎垄断的势力,这将有助于它们在未来实现人工智能应用程序的货币化。

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