Faun butterfly rain forest gbohne/Flickr

ثمن التنوع البيولوجي

دكا ــ نحن البشر لا نتقاسم كوكب الأرض مع مجموعة من الأنواع الأخرى، بما في ذلك النباتات والحيوانات بل وحتى الميكروبات، فحسب؛ بل إننا نعتمد على هذه الأنواع أيضاً لبقائنا. ولكن هل يمكننا تحديد القيمة الاقتصادية الكامنة في حماية العالم الطبيعي؟

سوف يرفض بعض الناس فكرة وضع بطاقة سِعر على التنوع البيولوجي، وينظرون إلى حمايته باعتبارها ضرورة حتمية واضحة. ولكنهم سوف يتفقون بلا أدنى شك أيضاً على أن منع موت البشر ومعاناتهم، وفي نفس الوقت توفير الغذاء والماء والتعليم للجميع أمر بالغ الأهمية.

والحقيقة هي أن الموارد المتاحة لا تكفي ببساطة للقيام بكل شيء. وهذا يستتبع ضرورة اتخاذ اختيارات صعبة. ومن حسن الحظ أن علم الاقتصاد من الممكن أن يساعدنا في تحديد كيفية تحقيق القدر الأقصى من الخير بالموارد المتاحة لدينا.

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