Farmers in Vietnam Hoang Dinh Nam/AFP/Getty Images

Budoucnost asijských farem

MANILA – Pro mnoho lidí v Asii je nedostatek potravin vzdálenou vzpomínkou. Jak se ale region bude potýkat s nutností nakrmit a vyživit svižně rostoucí populaci, mohl by se opět stát bolestnou realitou života.

Už dnes je Asie největší světový trh s potravinami a do roku 2050 se očekává nárůst počtu jejích obyvatel na pět miliard – o 900 milionů lidí. V důsledku rostoucí střední třídy pravděpodobně na region od současnosti do roku 2030 připadne polovina globálního nárůstu roční spotřeby hovězího a drůbežího masa a více než tři čtvrtiny nárůstu spotřeby ryb. Tou dobou už v rozvojovém světě bude více než 60 % celkové poptávky po obilninách pocházet z jižní a východní Asie. Aby produkce potravin udržela krok s rostoucí poptávkou, bude se muset oproti stavu před deseti lety zvýšit o 60-70 %.

V ideálním případě by asijské farmy dokázaly jednoduše rozšířit výrobu. K tomu jsou však žalostně špatně vybavené. Aby produkovaly dostatečné množství potravin, asijské farmy budou muset projít transformací jednadvacátého století.

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