Globe facing Africa

Por qué África necesita combustibles fósiles

SANTIAGO – En términos energéticos, África es el continente más “renovable” del mundo. En el mundo desarrollado, las fuentes de energía renovables representan menos de un décimo del suministro total, mientras que 900 millones de personas del África Subsahariana (excluida Sudáfrica) obtienen el 80% de su energía de este tipo de fuentes.

Mientras una persona en Europa o América del Norte usa en promedio 111.000 kWh al año (gran parte a través de procesos industriales), en el África Subsahariana la cifra es de apenas 137 kWh (menos de lo que usa en cuatro meses una nevera estadounidense típica). Más de 600 millones africanos no tienen ningún acceso a la electricidad.

No es porque África sea ecológica, sino porque es pobre. Cerca de un 2% de las necesidades energéticas del continente se satisfacen con hidroelectricidad, y un 78% con el combustible “renovable” más antiguo del mundo: la madera, lo cual genera graves problemas de deforestación y una polución letal al interior de los hogares, causante de la muerte de 1,3 millones de personas al año.

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