Když je prevence lepší než humanitární akce

PRINCETON – Když v březnu zasáhly Japonsko zemětřesení a cunami, pobýval Brian Tucker v indonéském Padangu. Navrhoval tam s kolegou projekt, který by mohl zachránit tisíce životů, pokud – nebo spíš až – znovu zasáhne cunami podobné tomu, jež v roce 1797 vzešlo z Indického oceánu přibližně 1000 kilometrů jihovýchodně od místa, kde se v roce 2004 vytvořila další ničivá vlna. Tucker je zakladatelem a prezidentem neziskové organizace GeoHazards International, jejímž cílem je snížit počet obětí a rozsah utrpení v důsledku zemětřesení v nejzranitelnějších komunitách světa.

Jednou z takových komunit je i Padang. Nedaleko na severozápad odtud, v Banda Acehu, si cunami v roce 2004 vyžádalo 160 000 životů. Tektonický zlom, který tuto vlnu vyvolal, podle geologů s největší pravděpodobností příště praskne o něco jižněji, takže nízko položeným pobřežním městům, jako je právě Padang s 900 000 obyvateli, hrozí v následujících 30 letech vysoké riziko velkého zemětřesení a cunami.

V Banda Acehu zabilo cunami více než polovinu obyvatel města. V Padangu by si podle odhadu ředitele tamního úřadu pro řízení katastrof mohla podobná přílivová vlna vyžádat přes 400 000 obětí.

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