Chris Van Es

Co je to odolnost?

CANBERRA – „Odolnost“ se podobně jako láska obtížně definuje. Přesto všichni – od generálního tajemníka Organizace spojených národů Pan Ki-muna po vládní agentury, správní rady firem a komunitní skupiny – hovoří o tom, jak ji získat nebo udržet. Je tedy odolnost užitečným konceptem, nebo jen pomíjivým módním slovem?

Chceme-li na tuto otázku odpovědět, musíme začít otázkou jinou: do jaké míry si myslíte, že se můžete změnit, aniž se stanete jiným člověkem? Do jaké míry se může ekosystém, velkoměsto nebo firma změnit, než začne vypadat a fungovat jako jiný ekosystém, velkoměsto nebo firma?

To vše jsou samoorganizující se systémy. Vaše tělo například udržuje stálou teplotu kolem 37 stupňů Celsia. Pokud se vaše tělesná teplota zvýší, začnete se potit, abyste se ochladili; pokud teplota klesne, začnou vaše svaly vibrovat (třást se), aby se zahřály. Tělo se spoléhá na negativní zpětné vazby, aby neustále fungovalo stejně.

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