Trump TPP Saul Loeb/Getty Images

Второе рождение ТТП

ТОКИО – Одним из самых первых решений Дональда Трампа на посту президента стал отказ от участия США в Транс-Тихоокеанском партнёрстве (ТТП). Многие решили тогда, что это мегарегиональное торговое соглашение похоронено. Однако не исключено, что данное предположение является преждевременным.

Изначальная идея ТТП заключалась в создании экономической зоны, работающей по правилам и включающей 12 стран тихоокеанского региона – Австралию, Бруней, Канаду, Чили, Японию, Малайзию, Мексику, Новая Зеландию, Перу, Сингапур, США и Вьетнам. На долю этих стран в совокупности приходится около 40% мировой экономики. Переговоры о ТТП с большим усердием и старанием велись пять лет. Например, в Японии группа переговорщиков во главе с Акиром Амари, занимавшем пост министра экономики и налоговой политики, денно и нощно работала над преодолением оппозиции представителей различных отраслей японской экономики (в частности, производителей риса) и над достижением наиболее благоприятных результатов на переговорах.

Январское решение Трампа, принятое как раз накануне ожидавшейся ратификации соглашения, конечно, до оснований потрясло весь этот проект. Однако многие игроки, не пожелавшие допустить развала ТТП, вскоре начали обсуждать возможность движения вперёд без участия США.

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