Политика космической катастрофы

ВАШИНГТОН. Одна из значительных дискуссий, в которые человечеству предстоит вступить в 2010 г., будет посвящена тому, стоит ли поддержать идею Анатолия Перминова, главы Российского космического агентства «Роскосмос», о необходимости запуска беспилотного аппарата для изменения траектории крупного астероида, который может столкнуться с Землёй после 2030 г.

Астероид Апофис, диаметр которого составляет более 360 метров, в десятки раз крупнее тунгусского космического объекта (предположительно, метеорита или кометы), который уничтожил значительную территорию в восточной Сибири столетие тому назад. Насколько удалось установить, тот объект взорвался 30 июня 1908 г. с мощностью, сравнимой с мощностью ядерного оружия, повалив 80 миллионов деревьев на площади 2 000 квадратных километров.

По данным НАСА, если Апофис столкнётся с Землёй, он может высвободить в 100 000 раз больше энергии, чем тунгусский метеорит. Тысячи квадратных километров могут быть уничтожены взрывной волной, и вся остальная Земля также пострадает от потери солнечного света и от других последствий выброса в атмосферу пыли. Данная опасность объясняет, почему один российский аналитик назвал Апофис «космическим террористом».

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