Перемена климата в отношении изменения климата

Кажется, наконец-то до людей дошло: глобальное потепление представляет собой серьёзную угрозу нашей планете. На недавно прошедшем Всемирном экономическом форуме в Давосе лидеры стран мира впервые назвали изменение климата первым в списке глобальных проблем.

Европа и Япония показали свою приверженность борьбе с глобальным потеплением тем, что пошли на дополнительные затраты для себя и своих производителей, даже несмотря на то, что это ослабляет их конкурентоспособность. Самым большим камнем преткновения были до сих пор Соединенные Штаты. Администрация Клинтона призвала к решительным действиям еще в 1993-м, предложив, по сути, налог на выбросы углеродсодержащих газов, но альянс загрязнителей, возглавляемый концернами угольной, нефтяной и автомобильной промышленности, блокировал эту инициативу.

Для научного сообщества, конечно, доказательств того, что климат меняется, было за полтора десятка лет накоплено более чем достаточно. Я участвовал в подготовке второго выпуска анализа научных доказательств, проведенном Межправительственным советом по изменению климата, который, возможно, допустил единственную критическую ошибку: он недооценил скорость глобального потепления. Четвертый выпуск этого документа, только что увидевший свет, еще основательнее подтверждает вывод о том, что глобальное потепление является результатом увеличения концентрации «парниковых газов» в атмосфере.

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