Zeman and Fico Samuel Kubani/Stringer

Ловушки популизма твёрдой руки

ЛОНДОН – Как показал 2016-й год, либеральную демократию больше нельзя считать чем-то незыблемым, даже на Западе. Более того, во многих западных странах доверие общества к демократии снижается и уже достаточно долгое время (это следует из данных «Всемирного опроса о ценностях», которые проанализировал политолог Гарвардского университета Яша Монк).

Чем объяснить эту тенденцию? Из политических потрясений 2016 года можно сделать вывод, что многие люди разочарованы демократическим бездействием. Медленный рост доходов, безработица, неравенство, иммиграция, терроризм – власти, как кажется, не занимаются всеми этим проблемами достаточно решительно. Политический истеблишмент демократических стран, похоже, оказался в состоянии перманентного ступора, что повышает спрос избирателей на сильных лидеров, обещающих вырваться из политического тупика и сломить сопротивление бюрократов смелой, новой политике.

Подобных лидеров (утверждающих, что они в одиночку могут решить проблемы своих стран) часто ищут – и находят – в корпоративном мире. Многие относятся к успешным руководителям компаний как к людям, способным достичь чётко обозначенных целей, поэтому они делают вывод, что бизнесмен способен решить социальные проблемы, которые политику не по силам.

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