six day war israeli tanks Three Lions/Getty Images

Der Sechstagekrieg mit 50

NEW YORK – In Kürze begeht die Welt den 50. Jahrestag des Junikrieges von 1967 zwischen Israel und Ägypten, Jordanien und Syrien – ein Konflikt, der noch immer herausragt in einer Region, deren jüngste Geschichte reich ist an Gewalt. Der Krieg dauerte kaum eine Woche, aber sein Vermächtnis ist auch ein halbes Jahrhundert später noch spürbar.

Ausgelöst wurde er durch einen Präventivschlag Israels gegen die ägyptische Luftwaffe als Reaktion auf Ägyptens Entscheidung, eine UN-Friedensmission aus Gaza und dem Sinai auszuweisen und die Straße von Tiran für die israelische Schifffahrt zu sperren. Israel führte den Erstschlag, aber die meisten Beobachter beurteilten es als einen legitimen Akt der Selbstverteidigung gegen eine unmittelbare Bedrohung.

Israel hatte nicht vor, an mehreren Fronten zu kämpfen, aber der Krieg breitete sich schnell aus, als Jordanien und Syrien an der Seite Ägyptens in den Konflikt einstiegen. Es war eine kostspielige Entscheidung für die arabischen Länder. Nach nur sechs Tagen Kampf kontrollierte Israel die Sinai-Halbinsel, den Gazastreifen, die Golanhöhen, das Westjordanland und ganz Jerusalem. Das neue Israel war mehr als dreimal so groß wie das alte. Es erinnerte auf seltsame Weise an die Schöpfungsgeschichte: sechs Tage intensive Bemühungen, gefolgt von einem Tag der Ruhe, in diesem Fall der Unterzeichnung eines Waffenstillstands.

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