电击和惊恐

卡迪夫-各个国家、地区、医院和医生对待其他任何医学治疗方法都没有像对待电休克疗法(ECT)这样如此之不同。在一个有效的治疗方法应该在一定程度上统一使用的时代,这是很令人惊讶的。事实上,尽管人们在ECT是治疗严重的抑郁障碍最有效的方法上有共识,但是,在治疗情绪障碍的大部分方法中,它是最后选择的方法。

有些对ECT的不安来自精神病治疗方法黑暗的过去,那时,许多国家的精神病人的法律权利比囚犯都少。在不久之前,诸如前脑叶白质切除术和ECT这样的医学治疗方法仍然可以在没有得到病人的同意下在他们身上使用,并且有时候是为了达到惩罚的目的。

 但是,在对使用安定类药物——它们也同样被强迫使用在病人身上,甚至被用来折磨犯人——这个问题上,就没有如此多的抗议了。而且,鉴于现在没有多少人是在不知情的情况下接受ECT治疗,并且在所有的情况下都要得到病人的同意,许多人,包括儿童、容易上当的成年人、老年痴呆症病人以及许多因为治疗而缩短寿命的人——都没人努力寻求这些人的同意,在欺骗之下接受安定类药物的治疗,而且这样的人越来越多。

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