科学和生命的意义

大多数宗教都包含或推行一定的有关生命意义的概念,并提供详确的为什么我们和所有其他生物体存在的理由。确实,宗教信仰的基本定义也许就是相信活着是为了一个神圣的目标。然而,在"生命是否有更高的含义"这个问题上,科学总是回答"没有"。至少到目前为止是如此。

但科学作家Eric Schneider和Dorion Sagan在一系列的讲座和一本即将出版的书中辩解道,即使从科学的角度来看,生命也服务于一个目的,也有一个超过其本身的含义。他们是在试图调和某个困惑了人们很久、长期存在于生物学和物理学之间的一个矛盾时得出这个结论的。

对活的生物体来说,很显然,物质存在于复杂的结构中。他们改变化学成分,并以一种有序的方式,有目的地将它们转移并储存。比单个生物体高明,他们形成社会和生态系统。我们所有人对这些基本的生物概念都很熟悉,我们是这些变化过程的一部分。秩序似乎是生物学游戏的名字,而进化导致了更复杂的生物体和更有组织的结构。

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