birth control Africa Jonathan Torgovnik/Getty Images

Sexualerziehung in Ghana

LABADI, GHANA – In vielen Ländern des Westens ist Aufklärung über Sexualität und reproduktive Gesundheit eine ernsthafte politische Frage. Themen wie Abtreibung und der Wert der „Familie“ bestimmen über Sieg oder Niederlage bei Wahlen. In Ghana und in vielen anderen Entwicklungsländern allerdings ist Familienplanung, insbesondere für Mädchen und junge Frauen, eine Frage von Leben und Tod.

Als ich vor sechs Jahren als Mädchen in einem Slum im Süden Ghanas aufwuchs, war es normal, Geschichten von Teenagern zu hören, die eine Abtreibung vornehmen ließen; von 14-jährigen Mädchen, die Kinder bekamen und von 18-jährigen Burschen, die ihre vorpubertären Freundinnen schlugen, weil diese sich weigerten, die Wäsche ihres Partners zu waschen. Keine Autoritätsperson – ob Eltern oder Lehrer – schien es zu kümmern, dass es sich bei den Opfern um unverheiratete Mädchen, oftmals unter dem gesetzlichen Schutzalter, handelte.

Das war also mein „normales“ Leben. Viele Klassenkameradinnen gingen von der Schule ab, nachdem sie schwanger geworden waren. Andere starben, als sie sich für eine Abtreibung in einer illegalen Einrichtung entschieden.

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