Религиозный плюрализм в эпоху плюрализма

Избрание Папы Бенедикта XVI и глобальная война против терроризма привлекли беспрецедентное внимание к роли религии в нашем мире. Особый интерес (в частности, в отношении ислама) вызывает вопрос совместимости определенных религиозных традиций с институтами и ценностями либеральной демократии. Но, сосредоточившись исключительно на том, во что верят и какую религию практикуют люди, мы упускаем из вида потенциально гораздо более важный вопрос, а именно как люди практикуют религию и соблюдают ее заповеди.

Несмотря на множество свидетельств обратного, многие люди – и не в последнюю очередь теологи – опасаются, что мы живет в светскую эпоху. Однако, отнюдь не характеризуясь секуляризацией, наша эпоха стала свидетелем огромных вспышек религиозного пыла. Современная эпоха является столь же религиозной, как и любой предыдущий исторический период, а в некоторых местах даже более религиозной

Одно исключение является географическим: в Западной и Центральной Европе действительно наблюдается значительный упадок религии, что стало важным компонентом европейского культурного самосознания. Другое исключение является социологическим и заключается в наличии такой относительно немногочисленной, но влиятельной группы как международная интеллигенция, для которой секуляризация стала не только фактом, но идеологической приверженностью, по крайней мере, для некоторых ее членов.

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