Африка: скрытый голод

ДАР-ЭС-САЛАМ – Чуть больше двадцати лет назад южноафриканский фотограф Кевин Картер потряс мир спорной фотографией голодающего суданского ребенка, за которым наблюдает гриф. Критики обозвали снимок «порнографией бедствия», представляя ее как очередной пример раздувания сенсаций международной прессой вокруг африканских проблем.

Но меня тревожит не фотография. Скорее то, что спустя два десятилетия ситуация, отображенная фотографом, практически не изменилась. По-прежнему каждый год 3,1 миллиона детей в мире умирают от голода.

Как африканский врач, я знаю, что разрушительное действие серьезного недостаточного питания и голода не всегда легко заметить. Оно не всегда столь же очевидно, как выступающие ребра детей, подключенных к аппаратам искусственного питания; детей, похожих на привидения – как те, которых я видел в больничных палатах Танзании. Хроническое недостаточное питание, или «скрытый голод», проявляет себя по-иному – но оно может быть столь же опустошающим и смертоносным. И, хотя смертность от многих других заболеваний, включая острое недоедание, снизилась, скрытый голод по-прежнему распространен повсеместно.

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