Un freno a la sed estadounidense de petróleo

Estados Unidos consume un cuarto del petróleo mundial, comparado con el 8% que consume China. Incluso con el alto crecimiento que se espera en China en los próximos años, está lejano el día en que se agote el petróleo en el planeta. Existen más de un billón de barriles de reservas comprobadas, y es probable que se encuentren más. No obstante, dos tercios de las reservas comprobadas se encuentran en el Golfo Pérsico, y por lo tanto son vulnerables a la inestabilidad de la región.

En el pasado, los precios en aumento tuvieron un potente efecto sobre el consumo de petróleo de EE.UU. Desde los máximos alcanzados en la década de los 70, el consumo estadounidense de petróleo por dólar del PGB se ha reducido a la mitad, lo que también refleja el cambio económico general, desde la manufactura industrial a una producción con menor uso de recursos energéticos. Después de todo, es necesaria mucho menos energía para crear un programa de software que para producir una tonelada de acero.

A principios de los 80, los costos energéticos constituían un 14% de la economía de EE.UU. Hoy, son el 7%. Ajustados a la inflación, los precios del petróleo tendrían que llegar a los $80 por barril (o $3,12 por galón de gasolina) para alcanzar el nivel real registrado en marzo de 1981.

To continue reading, please log in or enter your email address.

Registration is quick and easy and requires only your email address. If you already have an account with us, please log in. Or subscribe now for unlimited access.

required

Log in

http://prosyn.org/i38wXEy/es;
  1. Chris J Ratcliffe/Getty Images

    The Brexit Surrender

    European Union leaders meeting in Brussels have given the go-ahead to talks with Britain on post-Brexit trade relations. But, as European Council President Donald Tusk has said, the most difficult challenge – forging a workable deal that secures broad political support on both sides – still lies ahead.

  2. The Great US Tax Debate

    ROBERT J. BARRO vs. JASON FURMAN & LAWRENCE H. SUMMERS on the impact of the GOP tax  overhaul.


    • Congressional Republicans are finalizing a tax-reform package that will reshape the business environment by lowering the corporate-tax rate and overhauling deductions. 

    • But will the plan's far-reaching changes provide the boost to investment and growth that its backers promise?


    ROBERT J. BARRO | How US Corporate Tax Reform Will Boost Growth

    JASON FURMAN & LAWRENCE H. SUMMERS | Robert Barro's Tax Reform Advocacy: A Response

  3. Murdoch's Last Stand?

    Rupert Murdoch’s sale of 21st Century Fox’s entertainment assets to Disney for $66 billion may mark the end of the media mogul’s career, which will long be remembered for its corrosive effect on democratic discourse on both sides of the Atlantic. 

    From enabling the rise of Donald Trump to hacking the telephone of a murdered British schoolgirl, Murdoch’s media empire has staked its success on stoking populist rage.

  4. Bank of England Leon Neal/Getty Images

    The Dangerous Delusion of Price Stability

    Since the hyperinflation of the 1970s, which central banks were right to combat by whatever means necessary, maintaining positive but low inflation has become a monetary-policy obsession. But, because the world economy has changed dramatically since then, central bankers have started to miss the monetary-policy forest for the trees.

  5. Harvard’s Jeffrey Frankel Measures the GOP’s Tax Plan

    Jeffrey Frankel, a professor at Harvard University’s Kennedy School of Government and a former member of President Bill Clinton’s Council of Economic Advisers, outlines the five criteria he uses to judge the efficacy of tax reform efforts. And in his view, the US Republicans’ most recent offering fails miserably.

  6. A box containing viles of human embryonic Stem Cell cultures Sandy Huffaker/Getty Images

    The Holy Grail of Genetic Engineering

    CRISPR-Cas – a gene-editing technique that is far more precise and efficient than any that has come before it – is poised to change the world. But ensuring that those changes are positive – helping to fight tumors and mosquito-borne illnesses, for example – will require scientists to apply the utmost caution.

  7. The Year Ahead 2018

    The world’s leading thinkers and policymakers examine what’s come apart in the past year, and anticipate what will define the year ahead.

    Order now