Employees of shoe manufacturing park at work in Addis Ababa SOPA Images/Getty Images



这是个好消息,但有时也令人费解。那些无需依赖高价自然资源而持续实现快速增长的发展中经济体——跟它们十多年来的发展模式相反——通常都是通过出口导向的工业化。但是这些国家并没有实现多少工业化。撒哈拉以南低收入国家的制造业份额增长大体上停滞不前,甚至在某些情况下有所下降。尽管“印度制造”已经成了总理纳伦德拉·莫迪(Narendra Modi)的口头禅之一,但这个国家却没有展现出什么快速工业化的迹象。


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