Man standing at lake in mountains.

Прагматизм в политике изменения климата

БЕРЛИН – Дипломатические усилия по достижению международного соглашения по уменьшению последствий изменения климата, претерпевают фундаментальные изменения. Нисходящий подход, который направлял усилия с 1992 года, постепенно заменяется восходящей моделью. Вместо того, чтобы разработать договоренности на основе юридически обязательных ограничений на выбросы парниковых газов, новый подход опирается на добровольные обязательства отдельных стран, управлять своим вкладом в изменение климата.

Это, в некотором смысле, признание неудачи; такой подход вряд ли ограничит рост глобальной температуры до менее чем 2° по Цельсию – цель, поставленная Организацией Объединенных Наций в 2010 году. Но, учитывая медленные темпы прогресса, достигнутого к настоящему времени, маленькие прагматичные шаги отдельных стран, могут быть гораздо более продуктивными, чем попытки нарушить общую договоренность, которая все время остается нереализованной.

Международные переговорщики за последние пять лет добились значительного прогресса, но они по-прежнему далеки от соглашения, которое бы выполнило 2°C цель. В результате, дипломаты, опасаясь, что очередная неудачная попытка достичь глобального соглашения, могла бы дискредитировать весь переговорный процесс, пересмотрели уровень своих амбиций.

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