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巴黎气候协定之外

哥本哈根—巴黎气候协定已经通过印度和欧盟的批准,即将生效。但难点还没有到来:将协定模糊的政治承诺转化为减轻全球变暖的具体行动。

去年12月议定的巴黎协定是一项重大成就,是为了应对我们的未来福祉和繁荣所面临的最危险、最复杂的威胁而做出的前所未有的政治团结表现。通过将整个国际社会纳入其半约束性框架,该协议建立了全球治理的新范式。

但是,在实践层面,该协定远远不是成功保证。它没有提供确保将全球变暖控制在“远低于”前工业化水平以上二摄氏度以下(作为该协议核心内容的阈值)所需要的政策和措施。

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